Moral Values That Underlie Opposition to Government Unions

Often missing from entirely legitimate criticism of government unions is an accompanying explanation of the moral values that underlie the criticism. Last month we published a post entitled “Deceptive and Misleading Claims – How Government Unions Fool the Public,” which listed ten myths that government unions use repeatedly in their propaganda campaigns. Missing in that post, and added here, are the moral values that underlie the need to expose each of these myths.


Myth #1:  Government unions are protecting the middle class.

Reality:  Government unions are protecting government workers at the expense of the private sector middle class. The agenda of government unions is more wages and benefits for government workers, and more hiring of government workers. To adhere to this agenda, failure of government programs still constitutes success for these unions. More laws, more regulations, and more government programs equates to more unionized government workers, regardless of the cost, benefit, or need for these programs. The primary agenda of unionized government has nothing to do with the welfare of the private sector middle class, whose taxes pay for it.

Moral value:
The dignity and security of ALL workers is important, not just government workers.

Myth #2:  Government unions are a necessary political counterweight to “Wall Street,” big business, and billionaires.

Reality:  When government is expanded to serve the interests of government unions, the elite and privileged special interests are relatively unaffected, and often benefit. Large corporations can afford to comply with excessive regulations that drive their emerging competitors out of business. When governments borrow to finance deficits created by an over-built unionized government, bond underwriters profit from the fees. Government pension funds are among the biggest players on Wall Street, aggressively investing hundreds of billions each year to secure their 7.0% (or more) per year returns. Billionaires can afford to pay taxes and fees – it’s the middle class taxpayer who can be overwhelmed by them. When powerful special interests want favorable legislation passed in California, they go to the government unions and make a deal. Government unions are the brokers and enablers of special interest cronyism. They are allies, not counterweights.

Moral value:
As government contractors and as representatives of public servants, financial special interests and their government union partners should care about ALL citizens, not just themselves.

Myth #3:  Government unions represent and protect the American worker and the labor movement.

Reality:  For better or worse, government unions represent and protect government workers. Government unions and private sector unions have very little in common. Unlike private unions, government unions elect their own bosses, and their agencies are funded by compulsory taxes, not through profits earned by creating products and services that are voluntarily purchased in a competitive market. Moreover, government union members operate the machinery of government, giving them the ability to harass their political opponents under cover of authority. Private sector unions – properly regulated – have a legitimate role to play in American society. Government unions, on the other hand, exist to serve the interests of government workers, not the ordinary American citizen.

Moral value:
Democratic government represents and serves ALL Americans, not just government workers.

Myth #4:  Public employees are underpaid.

Reality: In past decades, prior to the unionization of government, a public worker exchanged lower base pay for better retirement benefits and more job security. But today, not only have retirement benefits been greatly increased from what was normal back in the 1980’s and 1990’s, but in most cases the base pay of government workers exceeds the base pay for private sector workers performing jobs requiring similar skills. A 2015 study by State Budget Solutions estimated the total compensation of California’s government workers to exceed private sector workers by 31%. But these studies typically omit lower paid independent contractors who now constitute one in three workers. A California Policy Center study that examined 2012 data showed the average pay and benefits for California’s city workers was $124,058, county workers $102,312, and state workers $100,668. And this study did not take into account the value of additional paid vacation benefits, extra paid holidays, and generous “comp time” policies, which add significantly to the total value of annual compensation. Just how much public employee pay exceeds private sector pay for equivalent jobs is the topic of ongoing debate. But they’re not underpaid by any reasonable measure.

Moral value:
Taxpayer funded government benefits – whether they are generous or minimal – should extend to ALL workers according to the same set of formulas and incentives.

Moral value:
Public service should not automatically bestow better pay, more job security, and superior benefits compared to private sector workers.

Myth #5:  The average public sector pension is only $25,000 per year (or some similarly low number).

Reality:  The problem with this profoundly misleading statistic is that this low average is the result of including participants who only worked a few years in state/local government, barely vesting a pension. Should someone who worked less than a decade (or two) in a job expect a pension based on a full career of service? When normalizing for 30 year careers and taking into account the uptick in retirement benefit formulas that rolled through California starting in 1999, the average state/local retiree in California collects a pension and retirement health benefit package worth over $70,000 per year. For a private sector taxpayer to collect this much in retirement, they would have to save at least $1.5 million.

Moral value:
We support modest, financially sustainable retirement security benefits for ALL American workers, not just government workers.

Myth #6:  California’s state/local pension systems are being reformed and will be just fine financially.

Reality: Virtually every official post-reform projection among California’s 80+ public sector pension systems are predicting eventual financial health based on a huge, extremely risky assumption – that the average annual returns of these funds over the next few decades will exceed 7.0% per year. Common sense should tell any unbiased observer that ongoing 7.0% average annual returns are not a safe bet. If they are, why are Treasury Bills only yielding 3.0%? What are mortgage bankers only able to get 3.5% on 30 year fixed mortgages? Why are bank CD’s only offering 2.0%? The spread between equity returns and truly risk-free returns has never been this large for this long. Pension funds are basing future performance projections on past results. The problem is that over the past 30 years, interest rates have been steadily lowered to allow people to borrow more. This borrowing stimulated the economy, creating corporate profits and driving up the price of corporate equities. But interest rates cannot be lowered any further. We are at the end of a long-term credit cycle, and pension funds are just beginning to deal with the consequences.

Moral value:
Government worker retirement funds should be managed cautiously and responsibly, not gambled on Wall Street with taxpayers liable if returns don’t meet unrealistic expectations.

Myth #7:  The teachers unions care about student achievement more than anything else.

Reality: The evidence simply doesn’t support this assertion. Consider the reaction of the California Teachers Association to the recent Vergara decision, in which a Los Angeles superior court judge agreed with student plaintiffs who challenged three union work rules. The CTA criticized the ruling and announced their support for an appeal. What does the Vergara lawsuit aim to accomplish? It would take away the ability for teachers to earn tenure in less than two years. It would end the practice of favoring seniority over merit when deciding what teachers to layoff. And it would make it easier to fire incompetent teachers. These are commonsense, bipartisan reforms that the teachers unions oppose.

Moral value:
Good educations for our children matter more than job security for bad teachers.

Myth #8:  Billionaires are trying to hijack California’s public education system.

Reality:  Wealthy individuals come from a diverse background of political orientations. All of them share a desire to rescue California’s next generation of citizens from a union monopoly on education. And unlike the unionized traditional public school, public charter schools and private schools survive based on the choice of parents who want a better education for their children. And if they don’t do a great job, the parents can withdraw their children from the failing charter or private school. Introducing competition to California’s unionized K-12 education system is a healthy, hopeful trend that gathers support from concerned citizens of all incomes, ethnic groups, and political ideologies.

Moral value:
What matters is the character and intentions of philanthropists and investors, not whether their ideology is right-wing or left-wing.

Myth #9:  Proponents of public sector union reform are “anti-government workers.”

Reality: This sort of claim is a distraction from the reality – which is that public sector unions have corrupted the democratic process and have been attempting to inculcate public employees with the “us vs. them” mentality that is the currency of unions. Sadly, the opposite is the truth – government unions alienate the public from their government, and, worse, alienate government employees from the public. They have created two classes of workers, government employees who have superior pay, benefits, job security and retirement security, and everyone else in the private sector. They know perfectly well that this level of worker comfort is economically impossible to extend to everyone. Government unions have undermined the sense of common rules and shared fate between public and private individuals that is a foundation of democracy. Those who oppose government unions recognize this threat. It has nothing to do with their support and respect for the men and women who perform the many difficult and risky jobs that are the role of government.

Moral value:
All American citizens should live according to the SAME government laws, rules, incentives.

Myth #10:  Opponents of government unions are “right wing extremists.”

Reality: The problems caused by government unions should concern everyone, and they do. Conscientious left-wing activists who favor an expanded role for government expect positive results, not failed programs that were created merely to increase union membership. They realize that unionized government is expensive and inefficient, leaving less money or authority to maintain or expand government services. Public libraries and parks with reduced hours and curtailed maintenance. Pitted, congested roads. After school recreation programs without reliable funding. Public schools where students aren’t learning and apathetic teachers are protected from accountability. Government has to be cost-effective, no matter how big or how small. Opponents of government unions can disagree on the optimal size of government, yet passionately agree on the problems caused by a unionized government.

Moral value:
Good government is something EVERYONE believes in, whether they are right-wing or left-wing.

This list of ten myths promulgated by spokespersons for government unions only begins to chronicle their many deceptions. But each of these myths offer strategic value to these unions – giving them the ability to put reformers on the defensive, change the topic of discussion, redefine the terms of the debate. Each of them has powerful emotional resonance, and each of them – along with many others – is continuously reinforced by a network of professional communicators backed by literally billions in dues revenue. But they are myths, not facts, and equally if not more important, they rely on premises of questionable moral worth.

Although intellectual integrity and emotional resonance are important and necessary elements of any effective argument critical of government unions, it is the moral worth of those arguments that matters above all. When you consider these myths – which is a charitable way to describe these distortions, deceptions, and misleading claims – in the context of the moral arguments that impel critics to refute them, what emerges is a new and decisive approach to countering union propaganda. Because government unions are destroying our democracy, our freedom and our prosperity, merely to enrich themselves. The moral high ground belongs to their critics, not to the government unions.

*   *   *

Ed Ring is the executive director of the California Policy Center.

10 replies
  1. Avatar
    D Long says:

    I have lived in California (on and off) since 1961 when my parents moved our family there. I admit that I didn’t like it here for the first two years, but I was a child. I bought my first home in California in 1982, which is the same point at which I began thinking about state taxes. What I noticed is that my property taxes kept rising, but government at all levels simply got bigger; not more efficient.

    Today, more than 30 years later, government in California has outgrown the business community. State employees are paid more than those in the civilian sector at virtually all levels. The biggest difference is that people can be fired in the business community; but a state employee’s firing can take more than a year.

    Many state offices are actually closed on Friday on the pretext of saving money on utilities. The lights are still on in those buildings, so what is being saved?

    Property taxes rise, but my street has not been repaved in more than 15 years. I have been told that it is because there is so much erosion from the hills around my street… I am charged for flood control, but the flooding problem at the street is not my problem, it is the county’s problem. This house was built in 1981. We are sill waiting for flood and erosion control measures to be implemented. Did I mention that I now have very silver hair? that silver hair arrived while waiting for the services for which I amm charged through my taxes to actually be realized.

    My father spent nearly his entire working life as a union member, as did my father-in-law. Both of them advised their children to not take any job that involved union membership. What does that say about unions? Their pensions were far less than what their trades in the state employees retirement system would pay, but they lived well anyway.

    The taxpayers are fed up and rightfully so. I see no increase in efficiency at the state level or at the county level. At this point, my husband and I celebrate on April 15th because our joint income is too low to pay state income taxes (the biggest part is excluded because of its ‘source”.).

    Here is a not-so-unique approach… “Live within your means; not the means you wish you had.” That sound advice came from my grandparents and my parents. They lived through the Great Depression and they survived. It is time for California to brush off the old history books and learn how to live on what is there; not keep raising taxes to fund unions and “special projects”.

  2. Avatar
    Rex the Wonder Dog! says:

    Because government unions are destroying our democracy, our freedom and our prosperity, merely to enrich themselves.
    This is so true. But worse they are destroying the POOR and what is left of the almost invisible middle class.

    The bright light of hope is if the Friedrichs v. California Teachers Association case pending at the SCOTUS strikes down mandatory public union dues it will be game over for the public union scam. That case will end this fraudulent scam in it’s tracks. Hoping and praying, and I am pretty sure the right wing of the SCOTUS, with whom I disagree with 90% of the time, will strike the mandatory dues down.

  3. Avatar
    Rex the Wonder Dog! says:

    “Live within your means; not the means you wish you had.”
    Politicians receive kickbacks, from the public unions, this is in essence laundered money. It will never stop in the current configuration. If public unions mandatory dues are shot down by the SCOTUS then, and only then, will this fraud end. It will not end by elected officials, or voters because voters do not have the $$$ to compete.

  4. Avatar
    Tough Love says:

    Ed, Excellent summary.

    Of all the phony “myths” propagated by the Public Sector Unions/workers, the one that bugs me the most is their attempted justification of their excessive pensions & benefits by endlessly pointing out the greed and misdeeds of the 1%.

    Baloney ………

    The 1% screw everybody.

    The PRIVATE Sector Middle Class screws nobody.

    The PUBLIC Sector Middle Class Screws the PRIVATE Sector Middle Class.

  5. Avatar
    SeeSaw says:

    There were no public sector unions at my municipality when I became a public employee. We were allowed to have collective bargaining,in-house. As time went by, it was obvious that management came out much better than the employees when it came to pay and benefits. We therefore brought in a union. It was our choice–it was not mandatory on the part of our employer! My union dues were never more than $15/mo. Those who chose not to join laughed at us because they received all the benefits we bargained for without the dues. After I retired, they voted to require that the non-members must pay their fair/shares. That was as it should be. I agree, if you don’t like unions, then take a job that doesn’t require you to join a union. The majority of the employees in each entity make the determination whether or not they want a union in their organization. If you don’t want things done the democratic way, by all means, seek out red states where you may work for whatever the employer wants to pay you.

  6. Avatar
    Rex the Wonder Dog! says:

    The majority of the employees in each entity make the determination whether or not they want a union in their organization.

    Well my little trough feeder friend, after the SCOTUS strikes down mandatory union dues in Friedrichs v. California Teachers Association, including “fair share”, the EMPLOYEE will make the determination on whether they want to contribute to a public union, not the “majority”. As for your ridiculous and ignorant comment that if you do not like unions get a job where there is no union, that is impossible in many jobs, especially the trough feeder (public) sector; such as teaching. ALL public teachers are in unions, except charter schools which are relatively a new phenomenon.

    So keep a keen eye on that CTA case////

  7. Avatar
    SeeSaw says:

    It will be a couple years before there is a decision on that case, so enjoy your life in the meantime–if you are able to enjoy anything. I do hope you have the crying bucket beside your bed though–I don’t recall any case or initiative ever coming out according to your prediction.

  8. Avatar
    S Moderation Douglas says:

    Rebecca Friedrichs is a beard.

    The Supreme Court case is Christian Educators Association International vs California Teachers Association.

    Don’t count your chickens before they’re hatched.

    Christian Educators Association International (teachers union):

     Our mission is to “encourage, equip and empower educators according to Biblical Principles.” 

    “In addition to offering professional benefits, we give Christian educators the support and encouragement needed to carry out their personal calling to be salt and light in the schools where they serve. We also seek to connect with Christian teachers and related ministries for encouragement, fellowship, and resources for praying, caring, and sharing the Gospel.”

    “They encourage, equip, and empower Christian teachers to teach from a Biblical worldview. CEAI understands that if we want to be effective in reaching and discipling out students with the gospel, we must have a strong Biblical worldview. And it’s not enough just to have the worldview; we must know how to apply it in the classroom. CEAI provides articles, newsletters, seminars, and training on how the truths of Scripture should impact our teaching. Even (and especially) in a public school.”

  9. Avatar
    SeeSaw says:

    Impossible because the union that is already there was put there previously by a majority vote of the employees that had previously voted to have union representation. So, agreed. If you don’t want to be represented by a union, refuse to join. I have many colleagues from my former workplace that did not want to join and they have never done so. We are all friends, believe. There is more to life than hating everyone else that holds an opinion other than your’s. Happy people don’t belittle and insult those who disagree with them. I think you must be the saddest person on earth!

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