Published August 3, 2023

For decades, teachers, parents, academics, scientists, and curriculum developers have been engaged in a pitched battle over the best methods to implement effective, comprehensive and practical reading instruction. This controversy, dubbed the “reading wars,” has had lifelong consequences for a generation of students who have been hostages and unwitting casualties of the war. Experts believe that  balanced literacy, whole-word reading, and cueing approaches are systemically unreliable and have led to a nationwide literacy crisis. In California, where education leaders continue using faulty methods, there are a staggering number of public school students who cannot read at grade level and may never be functionally literate for the rest of their lives.